COVID-19 FAQs | The Center for Children and Women

COVID-19 Vaccine

COVID-19 Vaccine

What you need to know.

COVID-19 FAQs

Why Children Need the Covid-19 Vaccine

 

Is the COVID-19 vaccine a covered benefit under CHIP/Medicaid?

Yes, it is.


How can my child receive the vaccine?

You can click here to register online for a COVID-19 vaccine. Or, If you have a MyChart account, a COVID-19 vaccine appointment reminder will be available in the “Health Maintenance” section of your account.


Which vaccine are you administering to patients?

Currently, we offer the Pfizer vaccine. Vaccines are allocated by the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS).


As a parent or caretaker, will I also be eligible to receive the vaccine?

Yes, you can currently schedule for a COVID-19 vaccine.


Can my child’s siblings also receive the vaccine?

Yes, you can currently schedule for a COVID-19 vaccine.


Can my child receive the vaccine if they have symptoms of COVID-19?

If your child has symptoms of COVID-19 or is considered to be in close contact with someone with COVID-19, vaccination should be postponed until they have recovered and criteria is met for them to stop quarantine.


Should my child receive the vaccine if they have already had COVID-19?

Yes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends vaccination regardless of history of prior infection.


When will children younger than 16 be able to receive the vaccine?

At this time, the Pfizer vaccine is approved for people age 5 and older, and the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines are approved for those 18 and older.


Which vaccines are currently available?

There are currently three vaccines whose manufacturers have received authorization from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the U.S. for emergency use. The Pfizer vaccine is authorized for people age 5 and older. The Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines are authorized for those 18 and older.


What is in the vaccines?

The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines use messenger RNA (mRNA) to teach the immune system how to create antibodies against the virus that causes COVID-19, so the virus can’t enter your cells. This technology has been used before to create vaccines against SARS, which is how these vaccines were able to be developed and moved into clinical trials so quickly. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine, known as JNJ-78436735 or Ad26.COV2.S, is an adenovirus type 26 modified to produce the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein. This adenovirus vaccine is used as a single intramuscular injection, and when it enters a cell it produces the vaccine protein but cannot replicate inside the cell or cause illness.


Do the vaccines work?

Efficacy of two doses of the Pfizer and BioNTech vaccine is 95%. This means that, in clinical trials, the vaccine prevented approximately 95% of vaccinated people from getting COVID-19, and only approximately 5% of vaccinated people developed COVID-19 disease. Additionally, efficacy of two doses of the Moderna vaccine is 94.1%. In the U.S., the Johnson & Johnson vaccine was 72% protective. Importantly, the vaccine was shown to be 85% protective against severe disease.

 


Are they safe?

COVID-19 vaccines have been evaluated in tens of thousands of volunteers during clinical trials and are only authorized for use if they are found to be safe. Even though no safety issues were found, the CDC and other federal partners will continue to monitor the COVID-19 vaccines. The US vaccine safety system is already strong, and new safety systems have been added for COVID-19 vaccines.


Will I have side effects from the vaccine?

From initial data, we know mild side effects are common. If you’re vaccinated, you should expect some side effects, particularly after the second dose. These side effects are common and may occur after any vaccine. Although uncomfortable, these side effects are a sign that your immune system is responding to the vaccine and is learning to recognize the virus for the future. The short-term safety of these vaccines is clear.


Can a COVID-19 vaccine make me sick with COVID-19?

No. The vaccine does not contain a live virus that can replicate inside of your body. So, the vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19.


How long will the vaccines work?

We don’t know yet. As clinical trials continue, we’ll know more about how long immunity lasts and if more doses will be necessary. Please stay safe during the pandemic: wear a mask, wash your hands often, social distance, stay home if you are sick and avoid large crowds.


What can I do if my child is not feeling well?

If your child is experiencing a cough or fever, or if you have questions about COVID-19, please schedule an appointment with your health care provider.


Does the COVID-19 vaccine affect fertility?

We don’t know at this time. However, it is felt that the benefits of the vaccine outweigh possible unconfirmed risks.


What if I am nursing? Can I give the virus to my child through the vaccine?

No. Because the vaccine does not contain a live virus, COVID-19 cannot be transmitted through nursing.


Is there a higher rate or risk of miscarriage?

We don’t know at this time. However, it is felt that the benefits of the vaccine outweigh unconfirmed risks. In the Pfizer trial, the women who suffered miscarriage were in the placebo group. The data is simply not robust enough to make any conclusions.